Author Archive: David Greene Greene

Info on Ovulation Induction from a Dubai Fertility Clinic

Ovarian induction is the process to stimulate ovulation (production and release of eggs from a woman) by medication. This is used for women who have difficulty conceiving as their ovaries do not release eggs. Medications can be used to either cause ovulation in a patient who does not ovulate regularly or to cause multiple eggs to be developed and released. There is approximately 25% of infertile women who have pelvic pain2problems with ovulation. By helping these women to ovulate regularly, it increases their chances of pregnancy. These medications are called “fertility drugs” and may also improve the endometrium (lining of the womb or uterus) which is required for pregnancy.

Ovarian induction can help women who have irregular periods as they are likely to have ovulatory dysfunction by helping them to have regular ovulation. Some ovulation problems include: polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) – a hormonal condition which causes the eggs to not be released, ovaries that do not respond to hormones that help the maturation and release of the egg (luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH)), thyroid problems, eating disorders, extreme weight gain and weight loss.

Before fertility drugs are given to patients, doctors often use a hysterosalpingogram (HSG) to make sure that the fallopian tubes (tubes for the fertilized egg to travel into the womb for implantation) are unblocked. Patients who have a blocked tube may have an ectopic pregnancy (pregnancy that occurs outside of the uterus) and can be dangerous. Many women are suitable candidates for ovulation induction. Women who have ovulation issues and those with unexplained infertility can be treated to increase the number of eggs released. A possible complication that may occur is Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome (OHSS).

Some of the commonly used fertility drugs includes:

  1. Clomiphene Citrate: this medication is commonly used to stimulate the maturation and release of eggs. The standard dose is 50-100 milligrams clomiphene(mg) every day for 5 consecutive days. Treatment starts usually on the second to fifth day after menstruation begins. Chances of success depends on the age of the patient, health condition and quality of the semen. The chance of twins is 6-10% and chance of triplets is 1% or less.
  2. Aromatase inhibitors: Used to temporarily decrease estrogen levels in the body which leads to the body producing more follicle stimulating hormone (FSH). FSH is used to help in the production and maturation of eggs. Drugs in this class include letrozole and anastrozole. Studies show that pregnancy rates are similar to Clomiphene Citrate.
  3. Other drugs that can be used are insulin sensitizing drugs – Metformin, gonadotropins, human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), bromocriptine or cabergoline, gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) and GnRH Analogs.

Long term studies have not found any association of increased birth defects with clomiphene citrate and gonadotropins. There is also no evidence associating an increased ovarian risk with clomiphene citrate, gonadotropins or aromatase inhibitors.



How Stress Affects Fertility

The world today consists of a fast-paced society revolving mostly around careers and success. This can be stressful and has a big impact on fertility. After trying to conceive for a certain time, one can naturally be burdened by thoughts of infertility. Although it is not clear how canstockphoto43945311stress impacts fertility, new research has shown that women who are going through infertility treatments are more likely to conceive if they participate in a stress reduction program. This is no easy feat for patients with the diagnosis of infertility as it can cause a high amount of stress, sadness, depression and anxiety. Studies have even compared the stress of infertility to patients experiencing heart disease and cancer.

The body is programmed to prevent pregnancy in times of extreme stress. Hormones released from the body in stressful times signals the body that conditions are not ideal for conception. Hormones released in stressful times include adrenaline that inhibit the utilization of progesterone, which is essential for fertility purposes. High levels of prolactin are also released which can contribute to infertility. Other hormones such as catecholamines, cortisol and adrenaline can inhibit the release of gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) leading to suppression of ovulation (egg is not released), reduced sperm count and lower libido in both men and women.

Here are some ways that you can help your fertility by reducing stress:

  1. Reduce: Try to avoid stressful situations starting with your job or occupation. It may be time to look for a new job. By reducing stress levels, it only helps fertility but also improves the quality of life.
  2. Change: Learn control. By controlling the reaction to stressful can have a big impact on reducing stress. Try to stop worrying about the “what ifs” in life. This may take time to practice.canstockphoto43905496
  3. Get enough sleep
  4. Exercise: Exercise releases endorphins which are happy hormones and can play an important role in coping with stress.
  5. Meditation, Yoga, Prayer: Many have claimed that these help them achieve inner peace and to reduce stress.
  6. Counseling: it can be helpful to have someone to talk to. Counselors can help educated patients on coping with stress in life. Support groups in the community may also be helpful.
  7. Pamper: Always remember to make time for yourself. Picking up new enjoyable hobbies such as reading a book, taking warm baths, or writing in a journal daily can help to reduce stress.

Stress does not only affect women who are going through infertility treatment but all women. A new mind-body program utilizes an exercise called “cognitive restructuring”. Patients are taught to replace negative feelings with positive but realistic thoughts such as “I am doing everything I can to have a healthy baby”. Women who are already going through infertility treatments should adopt this thinking and this can help them relax and accept all the future outcomes of treatment.

For top fertility treatment in Dubai and the entire UAE, visit us at PRC Fertility Center. We have expert fertility specialists who help women achieve their fertility goals frequently with such treatments as ICSI, IVF and more!

Causes of Infertility – Info from a Top Dubai Clinic

Infertility is a condition where couples are unable to conceive after six months or one year of unprotected and regular intercourse. Infertility affects about 6% of married women 15-44 years of age. Contrary to popular belief, infertility affects both men and women. Studies found that 7.5% of sexually active men reported seeing a fertility doctor during their lifetime, this equals 3.3-4.7million men.Infertility Sign

Infertility in men can be caused by multiple factors and can be evaluated using a semen analysis. The semen from the individual is evaluated for the concentration (amount), motility (movement), and morphology (shape). If the semen analysis is slightly abnormal, it does not always mean that the patient is infertile. Conditions that may contribute to an abnormal semen analysis includes:

  1. Varicoceles: the veins in the testicle is enlarged causing it to overheat which affects the number or shape of the sperm.
  2. Other medical conditions: Diabetes, trauma, infection or previous history of chemotherapy or radiation may affect the sperm.
  3. Habits: use of alcohol, smoking, steroid use or drug use can also affect the sperm
  4. Environmental toxins and exposure

For women, Infertility can be caused by any interruption to the process below:

  1. Ovulation: the process where the woman releases an egg from one of the ovaries. Some women do not ovulate due to:
    1. Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS): a hormone imbalance interfering with ovulation
    2. Functional hypothalamic amenorrhea (FHA): absent period due to no physical or emotional stress
    3. Diminished ovarian reserve (DOR): ovary is unable to produce eggs due to surgical, medical or unexplained reasons. Number of eggs also decrease with age.
    4. Menopause: ovarian function declines due to age and eventually stops producing eggs.

2. Fertilization: A man’s sperm must meet the egg along the way. If the woman’s tube is blocked, fertilization cannot happen.

3. Travel: the fertilized egg must be able to go through the tube towards the uterus (womb).canstockphoto27582301

4. Implantation: after travelling to the womb, the fertilized egg must be able to attach to the inside of the uterus.

For women, age is one of the factors that contribute to infertility. In today’s world, many women are waiting until they are successful and stable enough in life to have a baby. This usually occurs in their 30s or 40s. 20% of women in the United States have their first child after the age of 35 years old.

Aging not only decreases fertility but also increases the chance of miscarriage and having a child with a genetic anomaly. With age, a woman’s ovaries are less able to release eggs. They also have less eggs (decreased reserve), less healthy eggs, more health conditions that may cause fertility problems and more likely to have a miscarriage. Coupled with today’s lifestyle, many women smoke, drink alcohol excessively, are either obese or underweight, and have stress that can contribute to infertility.

It is recommended that women below the age of 35 can try to conceive for 1 year and women above the age of 35 years old should see a doctor after 6 months of trying to conceive unsuccessfully. A woman’s chance of conceiving declines after the age of 30.



Increased BPA Exposure and Reduced Egg Quality

The chemical bisphenol A (BPA) is what makes plastic clear and hard. It is used for numerous consumer products, such as reusable water bottles, shampoos bottles, and storage containers. BPA is found in epoxy resins, which are substances that form a protective lining in beverage cans and metal food containers. The eggs are reproductive cells that are produced in the ovaries. Researchers have found that these cells are affected by increased BPA exposure.


BPA is a common chemical used in the consumer industry in the United States. According to the Centers for Disease canstockphoto43023739Control and Prevention (CDC), BPA was found in the urine of nearly everyone tested in a 2004 analysis of the U.S. population. This chemical is considered an environmental contaminant, and many experts believe it is impacting health due to its endocrine-disrupting properties and widespread exposure.


Research Studies


In a study conducted by the University of California in San Francisco, researchers identified the first evidence in humans that exposure to the chemical bisphenol A could possible compromise a woman’s egg quality. The small-scale California study found that as blood levels BPA in the women doubled, the number of eggs fertilized normally decreased by 50%.


Preliminary data showed the negative effects of BPA on reproductive health, and researchers urge that it is important to allocate more funds to further investigate this chemical. Lead researcher Dr. Fujimoto insists that BPA and other environmental contaminants could be disrupting fertility potential. The study analyzed 25 women undergoing IVF in 2007-2008 at a fertility center in California. The women were a subgroup of a larger study that investigated reproductive health and toxic metals (lead, mercury, and cadmium).


In previous studies involving mouse models, BPA levels were found to alter the DNA of eggs. In one 2010 study involving humans, BPA urinary concentrations were found to be inversely associated with the number of eggs fertility specialist retrieved during IVF cycles. According to Fujimoto, there is no clinical test available to determine BPA levels in humans. He urges that women considering IVF treatment to reduce their exposure to BPA through diet and lifestyle. This study shows a clear link between egg health, egg, DNA, and BPA exposure.


BPAs are also linked to recurrent miscarriages, polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) levels in men. Some experts theorize that BPAs have a damaging effect on DNA of sperm as well. Both herbicides and pesticides have been linked to declining sperm count over the last five decades. These chemical products are made from petroleum, which is one of the raw ingredients used to manufacture BPA.


Tips for Avoiding BPA Exposure


  1. Stop drinking bottled water. The bottles leak xenohormones into the water. These chemicals mimic estrogen, and this can affect fertility and cause hormone imbalances. Alternatives are glass bottles of water and using other containers for the water.
  2. Avoid plastic items made with BPA. This includes plates, cups, and cookware. The number on the bottle of the plastic item alerts you to which ones to avoid. Numbers 3, 6, and 7 are harmful.
  3. Avoid vinyl shower curtains. Instead, use curtains made from natural fibers, nylon, or polyester.
  4. Store food in glass, food-safe metal, or ceramic containers. If you need plastic, avoid numbers 3, 6, and 7.
  5. Avoid heating food using plastic wrap or containers. Heat increases the risk for chemicals leaching out of the plastic and into the foods.

If you or your loved ones are having difficulty conceiving, PRC Dubai can help you! Our Board Certified providers offer top notch, comprehensive treatment including IVF, ICSI, mediations and more. Call us today for the top fertility treatment in the Middle East.

Is There an Association Between Drinking and IVF?

Does alcohol consumption affect fertility and in vitro fertilization (IVF)? In the United States, the percent of adults age 18 years and older who have at least one heavy drinking day in the past year is 25%. Heaving drinking is defined by 5 or more drinks for men and 4 or more drinks for women, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention canstockphoto42020889(CDC). Based on reports from the National Institutes on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, 87% of people age 18 or older reported drinking alcohol at some time in their lives, and 56% admitted to drinking during the past month. These statistics are from a 2013 survey.


In vitro fertilization is a series of procedures used to help couples become pregnant. During IVF, the woman takes medication to help with egg development through a process called ovarian stimulation. The eggs are retrieved via a simple medical procedure. Then, eggs are placed in a laboratory petri dish and fertilized with the male partner’s sperm. Once embryos develop, they are placed inside the female partner’s uterus in a process called embryo transportation.


In a recent study conducted by Rossi and associates, researchers evaluated more than 4,700 in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles that involved more than 2,500 couples. During the investigation, couples were given questionnaires regarding their alcohol consumption at the start of the IVF cycle, but not during the cycle or pregnancy. The main outcome the researchers were interested in was the live birth rate following IVF. Investigators found that for women or men undergoing IVF, drinking 4 or more alcoholic drinks per week before the IVF cycle was associated with a 48% increased risk for failed fertilization. In addition, the risk for live birth was 21% lower.


Alcohol appears to have a negative effect on fertility. However, the researchers stress that while there is much published evidence related to adverse effects of alcohol upon the fetus during pregnancy, there is little data regarding alcohol’s effect on fertility. Additionally, experts theorize that couples undergoing IVF usually cannot conceive without assistance, and therefore, these individuals may not limit alcohol consumption before the IVF cycle. In this study, infertile couples IVF treatment photoreported less drinking than the general population, with 44-66% reporting alcohol use and 62-74% reporting being regular drinkers.


In a study conducted at Harvard Medical School, researchers asked 2,574 couples about their alcohol consumption before they went through IVF treatment. Based on reports, 56% of women and 33% of men reported less than one drink a week. In addition, 4% of women and 5% of men consumed at least one drink every day. Dr. Rossi, lead researcher, reported that women and men who drink 6 units of alcohol each week significantly reduced their likelihood of pregnancy.


At this level of consumption, women were at least 18% less likely to have a successful delivery with IVF, and men reduced chances of fatherhood by at least 14%. The IVF success rates were also influenced for men who drank beer and women who drank white wine. In this study, the average age of the men was 37, and the average age of women was 34.


Based on the guidelines from the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE), women should stop drinking before conception and during pregnancy. The link between conception and alcohol is an area where the evidence is not clear. In addition, couples who struggle with fertility are more affected by alcohol consumption than those who are fertile.

PRC Dubai offers top notch fertility treatments to help you and your loved ones succeed with your fertility goals.This includes IVF, medications, ICSI and all types of Assisted Reproductive Technologies. Call us today for the top IVF treatment in Dubai!

Overview of the Influenza Vaccine during Pregnancy

Influenza (also called “the flu”) is more likely to cause severe illness for healthy, pregnant women compared to those women who are healthy and not pregnant. During pregnancy, a woman’s body has changes in the heart, lungs, and immune system, which makes them more prone to severe illness with the flu.


Getting the flu while pregnant can raise the risks of pregnancy complications as well. This include premature labor, earlycanstockphoto42586901 delivery, and heart infections. Studies show that vaccinating a pregnant women will pass the antibodies on the baby so the child will be protected from the flu for at least 6 months after the birth. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that pregnant women receive a flu shot during any trimester of pregnancy to protect themselves and the unborn child. The nasal spray used to immunize against influenza is not recommended, however.


Is it safe for pregnant women and their unborn children to get a flu shot?


The flu shot has been given safely to many pregnant women over the past few decades. Much scientific literature supports the safety of the flu vaccine in pregnant women, as well as the unborn babies. The CDC is continuing to get data regarding this topic.


What side effects do pregnant women experience with the flu shot?


The most common side effects pregnant women experience are the same as other people who receive the flu vaccine. These side effects are mild and include:


  • Fainting
  • Soreness, swelling, and redness at the site
  • Headache
  • Fever
  • Muscle aches
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea


When side effects occur, they typically begin right after the influenza shot is given, and they only last for a couple of days. It is rare for someone to have an allergic reaction to the flu shot, as healthcare professionals screen for risk factors.


Can pregnant women who have egg allergies receive the flu shot?


Most people who have an allergy to eggs should not receive the flu shot. A person with a severe allergy to any vaccine component, such as egg protein, is at risk for a life-threatening anaphylactic reaction. Pregnant women need to tell the healthcare workers about their allergies before getting immunized.


How is the safety of flu vaccines monitored in pregnant women?


The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) conducts ongoing safety monitoring on all vaccines licensed for use in the United States. The CDC and FDA use two systems to monitor the influenza vaccine safety for women during pregnancy. These include:


  • Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS) – This is an early warning system that monitors for problems during vaccination. Anyone can report vaccine side effects, and health concerns that arise after vaccination. These reports also help indicate if further investigations are necessary.


  • Vaccine Safety Datalink (VSD) – This is a collaboration between many health organizations that uses ongoing monitoring approaches and searchers of vaccine data.


Have studies been conducted by the CDC regarding flu vaccine safety during pregnancy?


Many studies were conducted by the CDC and partner organizations. A review of VAERS in 2011 found no link between pregnancy complication or fetal outcomes among women who received a flu shot while pregnant. In addition, a study involving VSD in 2013 found no increased adverse obstetric events for these women, which included pre-eclampsia, chorioamnionitis, and gestational hypertension.


Can a breastfeeding woman get the flu shot?


Breastfeeding women are encouraged to get the flu vaccine, according to the CDC. If the mother gets influenza, it could pass on to her newborn infant, which puts the baby at great risk.

PRC Dubai offers the top fertility treatments in the Middle East. Call us today for the top treatments such as IVF, ICSI and more!

An Overview of Myomectomy for Fibroids

A myomectomy is a surgery performed to remove fibroids from the uterus. This procedure preserves the uterus so the woman can go on to have children in the future. Fibroids cause heavy bleeding, pelvic cramps, and infertility. The type of myomectomy depends on the size, location, and number of fibroids.

Abdominal Myomectomy

Also called an open myomectomy, the abdominal myomectomy is a major procedure. This involves a small incision through the lower abdomen, which is called a bikini cut. The fibroids can be removed through the uterus wall, after the uterine muscle is incised. The muscle and skin are sewn back together using layers of stitches.

The myomectomy is performed using general anesthesia (you are put to sleep), so minimal pain is involved. Because blood loss occurs during this procedure, women donate their own blood beforehand. After the myomectomy, the woman must have a Caesarean section (C-section) for future pregnancy deliveries.

Laparoscopic Myomectomy

Fibroids can be removed using laparoscopic myomectomy. This involves making four small incisions around the navel, hip, and bikini line. The small laparoscope is inserted into the uterus to identify the fibroid and make necessary removal. Long instruments can be inserted into the incisions to remove the tissue. Afterwards, the uterine muscle is sewn back together. Most women spend the night in the hospital following the procedure, and 2-4 weeks recovering at home.

Hysteroscopic Myomectomy

Women with small submucosal fibroids can undergo hysteroscopic myomectomy. Any fibroids located within the uterine wall cannot be removed using this technique. During this outpatient procedure, you are put to sleep. The scope is passed up the vagina and through the cervix. Fluid is injected into the uterine cavity to lift apart the walls. Small instruments can be passed through the scope to shave off the tiny fibroids. We recommend that you rest for a few days. Expect mild cramping and light bleeding after the procedure, but these symptoms subside within a few weeks.

Prenatal Folic Acid and Autism


Beginning in the 1990s, the U.S. Public Health Service and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) began recommending that all women of childbearing age take 400 micrograms of folic acid each day, which prevents neural tube defects. folic-acidThese conditions include anencephaly and spina bifida, which are defects of the brain and spinal cord. In 1998, folic acid was added to the grain supply, and since this addition, the U.S. has noted a 26% decrease in neural tube defects.


According to new research, folic acid taken before and during pregnancy could possibly lower the risk for autism. Folic acid is the synthetic form of folate, which is a B vitamin that plays a role in the production of new cells during pregnancy. Folic acid is necessary for production of RNA and DNA, to metabolize homocysteine, and to make healthy red blood cells.


About Autism


Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disability that affects the child’s ability to communicate and interact with other children and adults. ASD is a spectrum condition that is defined by a set of behaviors that affects people differently. A single cause for autism has not been identified, but increased awareness about the disorder have brought awareness to the problem. This condition is associated with narrow, intense interests, problems with reasoning and planning, poor motor skills, and sensory sensitivities.


In 2015, the CDC reported that the prevalence rate of autism in the U.S. rose to 1 in every 68 births, which is nearly twice the 2004 rate of 1 in 125. Of these 68 children, 54 of those affected are boys. The cost for caring for a child with ASD is around $2.4 million, including insurance, non-covered expenses, education, housing, and transportation.


The Research Studies


In a recent study conducted at the Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Dr. Suren and associates investigated the link between folic acid and conception as well as the reduction in the risk of autism in offspring. The study involved more than 85,000 children born between 2002 and 2008. The results showed that 0.32% of the children (270 total) were diagnosed with autism at some xxxEggFrizingTextpoint, with 114 having autistic disorder, 56 having Asperger’s syndrome, and 100 having non-specified autistic disorder. The study showed a lower rate of autism in children whose mothers took folic acid supplementation than those who did not take folic acid.


Similar results have been seen in other studies. A study from the U.C. Davis MIND Institute found that that folic acid supplements taken during the first month of pregnancy reduced the risk of autism in the children. The findings did not establish a cause-effect relationship between folic acid and autism, but they show a need for replicating these studies to investigate the biological mechanisms and genetic factors that could show an association.


In a 2011 California-based study, researchers found that mothers of children with autism did not take prenatal vitamins during the first three months of pregnancy. This suggested that periconceptional use of prenatal vitamins may reduce the risk for autism. Each prenatal vitamin contains 400-800 micrograms of folic acid.


However, folic acid is no magic pill. Autism affects many children born in the United States, so many parents are concerned about the implications of this disease. These studies show that folic acid supplementation is a low-risk option for people seeking to lower their child’s risk for developing this disease. Taking folic acid during the earliest stages of pregnancy may lower the child’s odds of autism by around 40%, according to research. But lowering the odds does not eliminate the chances of conceiving a child with autism altogether.

Advanced Operative Laparoscopy: What is it all about?

Advanced Operative Laparoscopy is a laparoscopic surgery used to treat different painful conditions such as endometriosis. The surgery is used to identify any cause or symptom of diseases that are hard to identify using normal examination procedures.

Who can undergo the Advanced Operative Laparoscopy?

Thedoctor may recommend a laparoscopy procedure for people who experience conditions such as;diagnostic_laparoscopy_3

  • Endometriosis
  • Suspected ectopic pregnancy
  • Suspected Ovarian cysts
  • Pelvic pain
  • Infertility

The surgery can also be useful for people with;

  • Hysterectomy
  • Prolapsed or of incontinence treatment
  • Fibroids removal
  • Tubal reversal or sterilization

What is the Procedure Involved?
Laparoscopic surgery involves two to four incisions done on your abdominal wall. It involves putting the camera through a small hole below your belly, whether other apparatuses are passed through when performing the other incisions.
Afterwards, carbon dioxide gas is used to inflate your abdomen. The doctor further uses a tiny telescope to view the areas affected. The telescope is attached to a video to help the doctor get a clear view of your abdomen. An additional instrument is inserted through the vagina to the uterus to help the physician move your uterus.

All these instruments are removed once the operation is over, and the gas is finally released. Skin cuts are sealed with stitches that can be removed after 3 to 7 days.

What are the Risks Involved in Advanced Operative Laparoscopy??

The risks will depend on the nature of the operation though the procedure is safe for women who are healthy. The major complication that may occur include;

  • Injury of the Internal organs such as urethra, bladder or bowel
  • Hemorrhage
  • Gas embolism. The carbon dioxide used can pass to blood vessels, then to lungs causing heart and lungs problems.

The following may also occur after the operation:

  • Wounds or pelvic hematoma
  • Deep vein thrombosis
  • Constipation
  • Pulmonary embolus
  • Shoulder discomfort/pain
  • Wound, bladder, chest or pelvic infection
  • Abnormal wound healing
  • Wound pain

Most women will experience vaginal bleeding, brownish or blood stained discharge that will disappear after seven days after the laparoscopy. Avoid use of tampons as much as you can. Your doctor may switch to open surgery to ensure the procedure is successful. This occurs when the doctor detects some complication during the surgery.

What do I expect after Laparoscopic Surgery is done?

Once the surgery is through, patients may experience the following;

  • muscleache
  • pain on thewounds
  • abnormal bloating
  • tiredness and discomfort for up to 5 days
  • ribsandshoulderpain due to remaininggas under the diaphragm
  • Constipation
  • Vaginal discharge, bleeding and periodical pain.

Pain relief tablets such as capadex, non-steroid, paracetamol and anti-inflammatory drugs may be used for a period of 5 to 7 days or up to four weeks. Avoid codeine and painkillers since they may result to constipation.

How soon do I Get Healed after Laparoscopic Surgery?

After undergoing this critical procedure, avoid engaging in activities such as gardening, cleaning or ironing during the first week and rest as much as you can. In the second week, engage in non-vigorous activities such as driving, bike riding or walking. Well, the doctor may advice you to avoid engaging in sexual intercourse for the first 10 to 14 days after the surgery to ensure successful healing. However, this can resume after three to four weeks after the surgery.

Dubai’s top fertility clinic is PRC Fertility Center. All types of treatment are offered including IVF, gender selection, ICSI and more. Call us today!

Do Men Have a Ticking Biological Clock?

Researchers and fertility experts have wondered for many years if men have a biological clock. Studies now are investigating the long-held assumptions about the effect of age of both the mother and the father on child. The focus of fertility has been on women in the past, but it now is aimed at understanding male factor issues. Many studies show that canstockphoto34570747aging women (35 years and older) have decreased fertility, but few exist regarding the male biological clock.

Five to ten decades ago, it was common for couples to have children when in their late teens and early 20s. Now, the age of parenthood is steadily rising, with women and men waiting until their 30s and 40s to start families. This cultural shift is attributed to birth control, the women’s liberation movement, and women entering the workforce.

The Research Findings

Urologist Dr. Fisch wrote a book about the male biological clock in 2005. He reports on that both men and women suffer a decline in fertility as they age. Men’s fertility changes in their 40s and 50s, and like women, certain factors have an effect on male fertility. Factors that affect male fertility include stress, smoking, and weight.

Recent research shows that older paternal age plays a more significant role in infertility than researchers previously thought. With age, hormone levels decline, as well as sperm counts. Men who are obese often have sexual dysfunction, and this poses a significant obstacle for conception. According to new research, conditions like autism and schizophrenia are associated with advanced paternal age.

Male factor infertility can happen at any age from numerous causes, a man can take certain steps to combat this issue. Men can improve diet, exercise, quit smoking, avoid alcohol, and engage in healthy activities. In addition, men should discuss supplements and medications with their physician to see if anything is affecting quality or quantity of sperm. For men where genetic mutation could be a concern, experts recommend preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) with in vitro fertilization. PGD involves testing embryos for many genetic conditions before conception. Embryos chosen for transport to uterus will not have any chromosomal defects or DNA issues.

Effects of Age on Male Fertility

Back in the 70s, less than 15% of men who fathered children were age 35 years or older. Today, that percentage has risen to 25%, with men in their 50s having children. While this is socially excepted, experts caution about the risks of fathering children late in life. While the women decide when babies are conceived, men should consider the effects of age on fertility.

In a recent study of couples undergoing assistive reproductive technologies, researchers concluded that a man’s chance of fathering a child decreases with each lost year. The odds of a successful pregnancy drops by 11% for every year, according to the study findings. Based on study findings, the chances for a successful birth declined even further.

Another revealing study involved 3,400 cases of Down Syndrome. Researchers found that the father’s age plays a role in developing this condition, especially when both parents are over the age of 35 at the time the child was conceived. The incidence of Down Syndrome is related to the sperm at least half of the time, according to these investigators.

The top Dubai fertility clinic is PRC Fertility Center, offering comprehensive fertility services, call us today!