Your Menstrual Cycle and Your Fertility

If you have been struggling with conception, the answer to the puzzle may be hiding in factors related to your menstrual cycle, hormonal imbalances and ovulation.

The menstrual cycle

Your menstrual cycle is more than your period. The menstrual cycle is a series of changes your body goes through every month – the ovary releases an egg and the uterus prepares for pregnancy.

The menstrual cycle can be divided into two phases – the follicular phase and the luteal phase.

The first day of your period is day 1 of the cycle and the start of the follicular phase. During this phase, FSH or follicle stimulating hormone, released from the brain, stimulates the development of one dominant follicle which contains a single egg. As it matures, the follicle releases estrogen which stimulates the thickening of the uterine lining. The follicular phase ends at the start of ovulation. The length of this phase varies, causing variations in individual cycles.

The luteal phase begins at ovulation and continues until the onset of your period. During the luteal phase, the ovary releases progesterone which matures the uterine lining and prepares it for the implantation of an embryo. If pregnancy does not occur, the progesterone level drops and bleeding occurs. The luteal phase lasts around 14 days.

How does the length of the menstrual cycle affect fertility?

The length of a menstrual cycle is determined by the number of days from the first day of bleeding to the start of your next period. The length of your cycle may indicate hormonal imbalances and irregularities in ovulation. Hormonal imbalances can impact whether and when ovulation would occur during your cycle. Without ovulation, pregnancy cannot occur. Cycles of a normal length (21-35 days) indicate regular ovulation and hormonal balance to support natural conception.

Normal menstrual cycle

Days: 21 to 35 days

Ovulation: Has occurred

Short menstrual cycle

Days: Less than 21 days

Ovulation: May not have occurred or occurred earlier than normal

Shortened cycles may indicate that –

  • the ovaries contain fewer eggs and that menopause may be approaching, or
  • ovulation is not occurring

Long or irregular menstrual cycle

Days: More than 35 days

Ovulation: Not occurring or occurring irregularly

Longer cycles indicate that ovulation is either not occurring or occurring irregularly.

Prolonged Menstrual bleeding

Days: More than 7 days

Ovulation: May not have occurred

Prolonged bleeding is a sign that either ovulation is not occurring regularly or there is a problem forming blood clots.

No Menstruation

Days: Rarely or Never

Ovulation: Not occurring

Lack of menstruation is a sign that either ovulation is not occurring or there is something blocking blood flow.

If you do not have a normal monthly period, regardless of how long you have been trying to conceive, you should seek the help of a fertility specialist. Any irregularities in ovulation make conception very difficult without treatment.

If you are looking for the best fertility clinic with state-of-the-art treatments such as IVF, ICSI and more in Dubai and UAE, call PRC Fertility Center at 043758557 Today!

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